For this short paper (1-2 pages, single spaced, 1″ margins, 12 pt font), you should identify two of the sources that you will study for the Document Analysis paper. Each source should be an article, report, blog post, etc., produced by someone within your field or profession, and these sources can come from academic journals, professional publications (journals, newsletters, blogs), government documents, corporate documents, or publications aimed at the broader public (newspapers and magazines).
In this paper, offer an analysis of these sources with reference to their purpose, audience, style, and structure individually and then compare them.
- What is the purpose of this text? What sort of response does this text hope to generate from the reader in terms of thought, feeling, or action?
- Who is the audience for this text? Try to be specific. Is this text aimed at people who hold a specific position or do a particular type of work, occupy a particular level of a broader hierarchy, think or act a particular way? What sort of assumptions does the text make about the reader’s experience, knowledge, or attitudes and values? Consider the publication itself – who reads this academic journal, this professional blog or newsletter, this magazine, etc.?
- How would you describe the style of the text? Is it formal/informal? Technical? Informative? Persuasive? Is there a particular tone or attitude? Does the language embody any particular attitudes, values, or assumptions? What observations can you make in terms of vocabulary and word choice, sentences, and paragraphs? What sort of relationship does the author try to establish with the reader through language?
- How would you describe the structure of the text? What happens in the introduction and conclusion? Is the text divided into different sections, either explicitly or implicitly? How does the author work to achieve the main purpose in different ways throughout the text? How does the author make connections and transition between different parts of the text?
- Again, once you have analyzed each text individually, the next challenge is to compare them. What similarities and differences do you notice? Can you offer any broader connections between purpose, audience, style, and structure for these different types of texts?