Paper 4

This paper asks you to further revise Paper 1, Paper 2, or Paper 3 while adding a few twists along the way. Regardless of which paper you choose to revise, the entirety of the original assignment still applies (except for the maximum length limit; you might find yourself going over the limit as you incorporate new material). As with our previous papers, Paper 4 will ask you to submit the paper itself and a reflection on the paper. However, our approach to these different aspects and their contribution to the paper grade will change. The requirements and grading are explained further below.


To prepare for the revisions, complete a reflection (400-600 words) addressing Harris’s questions on page 99 (he discusses them at greater length on pages 108-121):

  • What’s your project? What do you want to accomplish in this essay? (Coming to Terms)
  • What works? How can you build on the strengths of your draft? (Forwarding)
  • What else might be said? How might you acknowledge other views and possibilities? (Countering)
  • What’s next? What are the implications of what you have to say? (Taking an Approach)

Paper 4

The document you submit for this paper should track the revision work you do. Starting with the previous draft of the assignment (the one that was graded as either Paper 1, Paper 2, or Paper 3), you should track all of the changes you make to the paper using the “track changes” feature in word processing programs or by hand (see Harris’s discussion of “Tracking Revisions” on pages 103-108). In addition to the revisions that emerge out of your work on the reflection, your work should also address the following prompts.

  • Following Harris’s thinking on “taking an approach” from Ch. 4, you should develop a sense of “reflexivity” in your paper through your revisions. For Harris, the notion of reflexivity directs our attention to “those moments in a text when a writer reflects on the choices that she or he has made in taking a certain approach or in making use of a particular term” (85). He also draws on the concept of “metatext—text about text, writing about writing, moments when a writer calls attention to the terms he is using or the moves he is making” (90). Through your revisions, you should incorporate at least three such moments of reflexivity or metatext in your paper. You should highlight these sentences or put them in bold so that they can be easily identified.
  • Harris also discusses acknowledgements in Ch. 4, a place for authors “not only to name the people they wish to thank but to specify what they want to thank them for” (95). At the end of your paper, you should include an “Acknowledgements” page that offers thanks to the various people who helped you and influenced your work.

Paper 4 Grade

Your Paper 4 grade will be determined by the reflection as well as your level of success on these three new challenges: editing and proofreading, reflexivity, and acknowledgements. This grade will not be affected by the grade you received on the original paper (Paper 1, Paper 2, or Paper 3), nor will it be affected by the quality or extent of your revisions beyond our concerns with editing, reflexivity, and acknowledgements.

Your Paper 4 Reflection grade, however, will be affected by the quality of your revisions. As with our previous reflections, this aspect of the assignment will receive a grade of its own (5 = A, 4 = B, 3 = C, 2 = D, 1 = F). Your grade here will be determined by the overall quality of the paper itself and the quality of the revisions.

Reflection Grade Examples

  • If you received a “C” on Paper 2 and revise it for Paper 4 and your revisions substantially improve the paper, you could receive a 4 (“B”) or 5 (“A”) for your reflection grade.
  • If you received an “A” on Paper 3 and revise it for Paper 4 and make some revisions that improve the paper, you could receive a 5 (“A”) for your reflection grade.
  • If you received a “C” on the original paper and your revisions do not substantially improve the paper, you could receive a 3 (“C”) for the reflection grade.
  • If you do not make revisions to the paper beyond the requirements noted above, your reflection grade could go down from the original paper grade. For example, a paper was originally a B could receive a 3 (“C”) for the reflection grade if no revisions are made.