Paper 3 Research

Our third paper asks you to incorporate sources in a few ways. Going back to the “Coming to Terms with Issues” short assignment, you should have one main text that you are responding to and countering in some way. As you advance your own thinking about the issue, you are welcome to draw on outside sources that help you support your thinking.

Another way of incorporating sources for this paper relates to our shift from MLA to APA. For APA, it is customary to include a literature review at the beginning of the paper. Our understanding of “literature” here is not literary works like novels and poems but rather scholarly literature, articles that people have written in order to address a particular question or issue. So, a literature review serves as an opportunity to map out the conversation that has already taken place around this question or issue. When an author writes a literature review, they do not necessarily discuss these sources at length. Instead, they try to offer a more general understanding of how the conversation has developed overall. For your research here, you can be looking for sources that take up the issue even if you are not planning on discussing them at length or using them to advance your own argument. Anything that gives us a better understanding of the conversation will help.

As you conduct your research, you should look at a range of different databases. You are welcome to draw on search engines such as Google, Yahoo, and Bing, but it will also help to look at more specific databases as well. For academic sources, check out JSTOR, Project Muse, and Academic Search Complete on the library’s website (Google Scholar will also be helpful here). For newspaper articles, use LexisNexis or the sites of specific newspapers, such as The New York Times, The Washington Post, or The Guardian. Relevant magazines and sites for cultural criticism include The New Yorker, The Atlantic, The Los Angeles Review of Books, A.V. Club, Valid, Vox, and Medium.

Through your research, you should identify at least six sources that address the issue you are taking up in Paper 3. At least two of these sources should be academic articles. You should submit your research in the form of an annotated bibliography, giving us full APA citations for the sources and then annotations that capture the source’s position or argument in response to the main issue.

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